Over the last three years I’ve discussed the detox setback that some people encounter after being on a low vitamin A (vA) diet. The typical pattern of the low vA diet experience is that people first see a significant improvement in their health and overall sense of well-being. But, then, after about say 3 – 6 months, they start to see those improvements regress. In some cases they regress even more and sometimes even end up being worse off than before they started a low vA diet. The percentage of people encountering the setback is somewhere around 30% – 40%, with a wide range of various degrees of severity.
Of course, it would be fantastic if most people could take on this diet and just reliably see their health slowly improve. Then regardless of how long their health recovery takes, the low vA diet would be far more acceptable. Although a slow steady recovery has been the experience for many people, it’s too unpredictable and too random. As I’ve stated before, I consider the detox setback the biggest obstacle to the low vA diet gaining more interest and being widely accepted. I consider it being so serious that for the last three years I’ve been very reluctant to promote this diet change. That does not at all mean that I am losing confidence in the low vA diet. Actually, it’s the opposite, I am completely committed and 100% confident that we are absolutely on the right track. But, asking people to take on a low vA diet and then seeing some of them develop worse health is quite unacceptable.
We’ve had several theories about why the detox setback develops. Some are:
With a significant reduction in vA intake the liver is finally given a break from needing to store it, and then starts to detoxify its own cells and begins expelling extra toxic bile.
The diet just ends up being so restrictive that people develop deficiencies in other nutrients.
A B vitamin deficiency develops because of the additional carb consumption ( too much white rice, etc).
We now know for a fact that the first of those above theories is correct and that the liver is dumping more toxic bile as time goes on. We know this from people who have been doing regular vA serum level checks and sharing their results. What’s happening is that after a while of being on the diet their vA levels actually go up. There’s only a few possible sources of that extra vA. It’s mostly coming from the liver, and to a lesser extent from a reduction in adipose fat.
The other two theories about deficiencies are probably partially correct too.
Now, I’ll add a few more theories to the list.
Some people take a B multivitamin that includes niacin. It turns out that niacin significantly promotes the release of the fat stored in the liver. With that people start to endogenously poison themselves with even more extra toxic bile.
Some people have taken supplements, such as lactoferrin, that hugely promote the dumping of bile. Obviously, that is highly dangerous. People need to be exceedingly careful with any and all supplements.
Some people already have compromised / partially obstructed bile ducts leading to cholestasis. Then when the liver begins dumping the now extra toxic bile they simply can’t deal with it. In this condition taking any supplement that promotes even more bile dumping is going to be disastrous.
A reduction in soluble fibre will cause an increase in the amount of toxic bile reabsorbed in the enterohepatic circulation cycle.
Okay, so what can we do about it?
Since I’m past the point of being able to experiment on myself, I’ve been taking a wait and see approach to what other people find as potential solutions to preventing the detox setback. One of the reasons and motivations for doing the community surveys was to see if we could spot a pattern that could give us more insight as to who encounters the detox setback and those who don’t. Unfortunately, nothing of significance has been gleaned from the surveys in this regard. As far as the community efforts by others to find a solution goes, there have been a few suggestions, but nothing really concrete.
One suggestion is that choline is a key factor needed to combat the excess vA and retinoic acid. There’s some good scientific basis for this and I’ve been really hopeful that it proves out. There’s a long running thread on the forum discussing it.
Please check it out and apply your own critical thinking to it. Personally, I’m taking a wait-and-see position on it.
I do agree that choline would most certainly help capture circulating vA and RA molecules and sequester them back into the liver. If effective, that would go a long way in reducing the severity of the detox setback. Although using choline to help scrub vA and RA from serum is good, it would be much better if we can prevent the extra vA from entering into the serum in the first place. So, maybe using choline combined with other measures will be more effective. However, the concept of getting the additional choline by eating whole eggs is not one that I can personally get on board with. Sorry, I just have too much hatred towards the vile toxic yellow molecule.
Have we been overthinking it?
Yes, I think so. Additionally, just taking a wait-and-see what develops approach and hoping that others will share their findings has not worked out. It’s time we got back to basics and applied logical thinking to it.
Let’s start with what we do know:
We know that the biggest factor is that as people start reducing the amount of vA they take in, the liver starts detoxifying itself, thus releasing extra toxic bile. I consider bile to be a very toxic yellow sludge. Since about 85% of bile released into the intestine is reabsorbed, people then start to endogenously poison themselves. Here’s a good video describing the enterohepatic circulation process.
Obviously, capturing as much of that toxic bile sludge as possible and preventing it from getting reabsorbed is clearly critically important.
One question I’ve been asking myself is why didn’t I encounter the detox setback (at least not severely)? Additionally, I have some friends (and of my vintage) who have taken on this diet, and they have also not encountered the detox setback. Why? What was common between us? We all used activated charcoal and maintained a reasonable amount of soluble fibre from beans. I wrote about activated charcoal in my eBooks and about how it is commonly used to rescue people and animals from acute poisonings. Well, we now know that having a surge of extra toxic bile being reabsorbed is exactly that; an acute poisoning. Except it’s even worse for us because our now acute poisonings are happening almost everyday.
I used activated charcoal for about the first year of my own diet. I was taking about a ¼ teaspoon of it every 2nd or 3rd day. I wasn’t super consistent about taking it, but I do think what I did take was helpful. My big mistake was not continuing to use it much after that first year. I now think my overall recovery would have been considerably faster if I had kept taking the activated charcoal.
How about this for a strategy for preventing the detox setback?
Taking activated charcoal is probably not optional, but rather it’s required. And, continue taking it for a good long while, or at least until you’re sure it’s not needed or it’s not working for you.
People need some source of fibre while taking on this diet. I know a lot of people don’t tolerate beans, so they’ll have to use another source of fibre. Apples would be a good choice, or some supplemental fibre that works for them. Taking too much fibre can obviously also be a problem. So, start slow.
Consider making plasma donations.
Do NOT take any supplements that promote bile dumping or liver “detoxing.”
Be super careful with other supplements. Health does not come in a pill bottle.
Be aware of high niacin content foods such as peanut butter. For the same reason, don’t take a B multivitamin.
Keep your mental stress as low as possible (stress causes bile dumping).
Don’t take on strenuous / extreme exercise. Be gentle on yourself. Taking it slow and steady wins the race here.
Carefully self-monitor your progress and setbacks and adjust accordingly.
Be super careful of taking anyone’s advice (including mine of course). Always think for yourself.
Thank you to everyone who submitted a response. We had 109 responses submitted.
A summary of the survey results is shown below.
Overall, the results of the survey are pretty much inline with my expectations and understanding of where we are at with this project. Rather than typing up a detailed response for many of the comments submitted in the survey I’ve posted a video here sharing my thoughts on it.
2023 Survey Response
For each of the following questions, on a scale of 1 to 10 how much this aspect of health has improved.
Using the following scale:
1 – it’s gotten worse 5 – has stayed about the same 10 – significantly improved
What are the most important next steps / directions we should take on this investigation?
Find out a way to detox in people that have detox pathways compromised, it seems that a lot of people hit a threshold and can’t keep on detoxing.
Investigate benefit of extra choline or eggs from the beginning in preventing adverse detox reactions and speeding up the process. See if stress reduction and/or better sleep habits help. Look into the benefits of exercise for the process.
Updated edition of ETFH including new title and current research info. Make it into something that can be given to a layman as an intro to these ideas.
I don’t know about the reasons for supplementing the supply, could be nefarious, I just don’t know. I suspect ignorance though. As far as the direction, I personally am interested in the choline angle, as the studies I’ve looked at point to it as being very efficient and necessary for liver health and reducing and preventing fatty liver.
Formulating perfect diet
choline and betaine look interesting. also, dietary fiber and resistant starch very important
Try to eliminate most of the agents that pollute your very important blogg and focus on VA!!
How to speed up excretion and at the same time keep detox symptoms at bay? Choline is helpful, what other things are there which would support a good detox?
Carefully controlled clinical studies
In-depth qualitative data (on focus topics) might help.
Gut microbiome testing.
Disprove the Wolbach and Howe experiments!!
The more research scientists and medical or naturopathic doctors and nutritionists looking at chronic hypervitaminosis A from different angles, the better, but first they have to become interested in doing so. Your planned experiment will hopefully be a good attention-grabber in this regard.
Researching on the importance of choline , increase movement , stress reduction and improve sleep
Not sure if this refers to VA reduction or reasons behind VA supplementation. If former currently think role of choline seems v important. Why people like me making such slow progress and having so many problems. What is different with people who have more rapid and problem free recoveries.
Find out how to keep pooping and fixing cholestasis.
your new rat study
Provide more info about people who have had success with this diet. Take more steps to counter with evidence claims that A is biologically necessary.
still thinking about that one
Study the effects of casein, and how V/A causes Alzheimer’s.
chill on the divisive rhetoric, at its core it matches a lot of my symptoms perfectly but the reproduction/medical establishment stuff is going to drive people away. in the case of vitamin A, it’s not supplemented in whole milk in the USA because they believe the “fat soluble factor” is being removed when making skim milk so they add in a random human modified molecule, just a case of humans being stupid like DDT spraying
Get a full test of you Grant and all of your relevant health markers. Maybe especially an extensive eye exam. Get a better idea of how to help someone start a low vitamin A journey. For example maybe not a best practice diet but a few general best practice diets that can accomodate more people that are starting out. Take advantage of the existing negative segment against the Gates Foundation and WEF, to generate interest to reduce vitamin A consumption. Find/create a lab for testing for all sorts of things like vitamin A in casein.
Try to replicate the rat studies
Keep educating people, sharing successes
Rebuild Royal Rifles electric Ray tubes to destroy carotinoids and vit a. Find out how to apply mms correctly in every health state because I know from personal experience as accutane victims that it oxidizes retinoic acid.
Trying to figure out “safe” range of vitamin A in normal diet. Trying to figure out best path to detox successfully.
“Vitamin” D (D3 receptor is a heterodimer with the retinoid X receptor, cholesterols contain Vit A to begin with, no exception for choleCALCIferOL).
Nailing down what exactly is going on with the detox setback phenomena. Thiamine rapidly pulled me out of a deep setback hole that built up from month 6-9.
Keep spreading awareness on Vitamin A toxicity
Keep spreading the word and doing what you’re doing. I am EXTREMELY grateful for all the books and blogging that you’ve done Grant! Every blog is helpful. More blogging and progress updates would be great. Letting us know your latest discovery, experience etc…
Not sure. I have come to the conclusion that no food is good or bad. Restricted eating is dangerous
improved methods/approaches for constipation
Find ways to speed up detox. Reach more people about toxicity, and do a study proving VA toxicity
Continue to educate people so we can share too!
Prove vA is a toxin
I think it is important to see how choline can help the VA detox process and what other supplements besides lactoferrin and soluble fiber can be useful in aiding the VA detox process.
Reduce drawback symptoms
Is there an antidote to A? That we could take so A does not do more damage while we are detoxing.
Find an antidote to VA
Try individual B vitamins to see what supports your journey the most. Thiamine, biotin, folate and B12 were game changers for me.
I think retinol conjugation and bile excretion are probably as important or more important than a very low VA diet. I think more emphasis needs to be put in this area. I know cholestyramine has been brought up several times on the forum. Has anyone gotten a prescription for this, and what were their results? I’m not a fan of pharmaceuticals, or the medical industry but I feel like this could be a game changer and reduce or eliminate the detox setback cycle.
Share testimonials and get the word out!
Redo the Wolbach & Howe study – dismantle the “scientific” underpinnings of the retinol as vitamin idea
Find out whether if this diet doesn’t work, then nothing ever will as everything is contradictory.
Not exposing the global fertility reduction agenda and enjoy our easily stripped crowdsourcing privilege.
1) get a better feel for the likelihood of running into nutrient deficiencies and how to overcome them and 2) find strategies to ensure people do not become so sensitive to vitamin a on this diet that they can never eat it again.
Come up with our own supply of food without the additives, preservatives, try to inform people, and lobby (although that’s kind of pointless in the current environment) to have food cleaned up.
more research on viruses
continue your work to highlight the toxic effects of vitamin a
Spread the word that vitamin A can be toxic even with an ordinary diet. But don’t stress that vitamin A isn’t really a vitamin because I think it’s too big of a leap for most people and turns them off to the whole idea.
Data Collection on Vitamin A Symptoms and Clearance
I don’t know
Information through podcast and social media.
Understanding the detox setback cycle
how to make this easier
Redoing the Wolbach and Howe rat study.
Figure out what people who have been doing this long term and are getting better are doing in common.
VAD is real. I started consuming eggs recently only (post 48 months of a strict low VA diet). Please get ERG readings on your cones/rods of your eyes.
Vit A is only one of the elements used as poison. Fluoride works faster, gene therapy shots are the best.
Repeating original studies in a way that the results would be recognized by the scientific community.
I’m interested in the benefits I and others are seeing with adding extra choline and betaine foods. A slower and more balanced approach possibly too.
Whether or not it is the lack of vitamin A antogoists that are causing the overspill of vitamin A. For example Vitamin D from sunlight for the hot regions and a high fish diet containing Vitamin D that is traditional for people in the northen hemishpere are maybe protecting against vitamin A. also the modern diet lacking in fibre to bind to bile which contains vitamin A.
Study why indigenous peoples with high vit a diets are healthy. Like the Maasai
Observe whether replenishing choline positively affects the detoxification of vitamin A in realtime participants.
Just continue to openly share and experiment our success and failures
To do some new studies
avoid all added vitamin A
Speed up the healing process, recreate vit A studies.
I’ve seen the massive (and literally immediate – as in 2 week) results, but everyone thinks Vit A is a wonderful thing. If a study by a credible authority, or an authority considered credible, could be conducted, I think that would make leaps in understanding. It would also open the door to further research into similar toxins.
Continue to have moderate amounts of vitamin a, eggs and healing my gut
Not sure – nobody wants to invest the time to read the excellent books you wrote and give something new a try. So many kids with eczema, and so many people supplementing. It’s hard to fight established ideas. Even if you redo all the studies, they likely will be ignored
A comprehensive “outing” of ALL vitamins as a scam promoted by the original pill-pushing companies of 100 years ago — they-re all big Pharma now. Not a coincidence.
I’d say look into Karen Hurd. She is on to something with the beans/psyllium and frequency of it. That combined with low A is a winner!
more randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trials
The choline issue should be properly investigated and debated and not censored.
Figuring out the antidote for vA and copper
I’m B- blood type, I tried to investigate more about it and didn’t find a lot of info…it would be interesting to know more, and about the rhogam vaccine that I took twice and rejected the third time they wanted to put… I know it is a different investigation but it’s the only thing I can think of right know…
Make it easier for new people to join. Get more testing done of those that have been low vA for a long time and maybe look for common denominators. Try to get more testing done of anything relevant. Get a group working towards ending forced food and water fortification. Make a simple calculator for people to estimate how much vA they might have stored in the liver.
Start producing local food . Situation will not get better until young people will not take action and start producing local fruit /meat /vegetables
RE: Is vitamin A a toxin?
The Vitamin A toxicity Studies mentioned:
1) The acute and chronic toxic effects of vitamin A
“The risk of prevalent MetS, general obesity, high LDL, high TC and hyperuricemia still increased with vitamin A levels. MetS was at a high prevalence level in children and adolescents in Jiangsu that were 7–17 years old. Vitamin A was positively associated with obesity, MetS, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia.”
Last year in my Seven-Year Update post I mentioned that I was looking into the politically hot topic of viruses. When I first started to look into it I quickly came to the realization that the very basic science and fundamental understanding of viruses is almost completely wrong. It’s on par with so-called vitamin A science, and maybe even a lot worse.
Last year I said that I was going to write a more comprehensive investigation regarding viruses. But, as the censorship and squashing of any non-conventional information on the topic was cranked up to the maximum effort possible, I felt it wasn’t the right time for a lengthy blog post or maybe a new ebook on the topic. Unfortunately, that plays right into the hands of big pharma and their puppets in government under their control. Although I’m a complete no-body I think it’s important to choose the right time for picking such a battle. I decided that now’s not the time for it. Hopefully, the pandemic response by our governments and the medical establishment over the last two years has made it crystal clear to everyone just how incredibly corrupt the system is. What happened in Canada earlier this year is so disgusting to me I just can’t put it down into writing how I feel about it. So, for now, all I’m going to say about viruses is what’s below.
“Viruses” sure aren’t what we are being told they are. I think a key point we all need to fully appreciate is that viruses are not “alive”, and never ever become “alive”. Therefore, they are most certainly not parasites or pathogens. They don’t and can’t “evolve” or mutate. They consume no food, nor energy, nor resources. They can’t and don’t ever reproduce themselves. They have no locomotion, no organelles, no respiration, etc, etc. They have no life force, no will, no intent. And, contrary to a recent statement from a very prominent public health official they are not “clever”. They actually have the same intelligence as a rock. Therefore, they are not, and cannot be, out to get us. They are also not out to perpetuate their own “species”, because they are not a “species”, nor any life form. They are not living entities even by the wildest stretch of the imagination.
The key understanding is that all so-called viruses are manufactured by cells; and almost all of them in our bodies were made by our own cells. Therefore, viruses never “replicate” themselves, and they don’t hijack or trick the cell into doing it for them. They are simply proteins assembled by our own cells. However, some of these proteins can harm us. They are ones that contain defectively structured mRNA proteins. These are usually strands of bad RNA that the cell has decided is too defective to use. These defective garbage proteins (RNA molecules) are potentially so dangerous that they can’t be discarded without first putting them into a protective wrapper. Much like with the RBP that’s used to protect cells from vA’s toxicity. Thus, these protective wrappers are the famous protein capsids surrounding most “viruses.” But, given the right circumstances and conditions some of these proteins can start a chain-reaction, and we might get sick from it running out of control for too long.
There’s more to it of course. Since most harmful “viruses” are just defectively made messenger proteins we need to understand what causes the defective mRNA proteins in the first place. Well, since it is now established that retinoic acid can, and does, fracture DNA it should be one of the prime suspects. There’s no question there are other toxins and environmental hazards to blame sometimes too. But, the key takeaway here is that for the most part “viruses” don’t cause disease. Rather, it’s the direct opposite. Disease causes “viruses” to be created.
To use a more concrete example, let’s say someone gets diagnosed with hepatitis. Doctors using the now infamous PCR test will usually find a large number of “viruses” and claim the person has acquired a “viral infection” and that infection has caused the disease. But, no, that’s not it at all. The slowly developing liver disease with its corresponding massive number of damaged and dying cells is causing these cells and cell fragments to produce the “viruses.” Viruses are the artifacts of the diseased tissue.
Sometimes these proteins can be transferred between people and that can start a chain reaction in certain vulnerable people. However, we don’t ever really get “infected” with the “virus”. Rather we get contaminated by other people’s defective proteins.
I believe that if people are healthy, and have low vA levels then “viruses” pose almost no risk at all. Of course, there’s still much more to the story here. There’s also a fascinating understanding that there’s a hugely beneficial and critical role many so-called “viruses” play in our health and even our evolution. That understanding is that the vast majority of the billions of the “viruses” that are circulating in our bodies on any given day are actually extra-cellular message capsules. These message capsules are used to communicate with other cells and organs in the body. The cells of the body have formed a gigantic network of communication between themselves. The data packets used on this network are mRNA proteins encapsulated within “viruses” and exosomes. Darwin was correct (for those who have actually read his book). It’s not random mutations driving our evolution. Rather it’s our life experiences that’s programming the genetic code in our offspring. The driving mechanism of that programming is via “virus” encapsulated messages. So, when it comes to truly understanding viruses our current medical science is in the absolute stone age. I’ve only scratched the surface of it here.
But, obviously, big pharma needs to keep the myth of “scary and deadly viruses” alive to stoke endless fear and boost endless massive profits from their vaccines for them.
Bottom line, for the most part, “viruses” are a giant scam.
My Prison Food and Night blindness
I reported in last year’s annual update that I had once again encountered a period of reduced night vision. It was also accompanied by having quite dry eyes first thing in the mornings. Oh yes, I know that those are some of the key, if not the de facto, symptoms of vA deficiency. But, of course, I don’t believe vA deficiency even exists. I also think that it’s impossible to have a deficiency in a highly toxic molecule. Moreover, if these symptoms were due to a vA deficiency then they should have shown up and progressively gotten worse as time went on. Except, that did not happen. The periods of reduced night vision were sporadic and I had always recovered from it. My previous incidents of “night blindness” occurred in the winter months when the air here in Calgary, AB is very dry. However, oddly last year the condition was most notable in August. Coincidentally, last summer the city was covered in a lot of smoke from forest fires. It lasted for at least two months. So, at first, I rationalized that it was probably just the excessive smoke exposure that caused it to occur in the summer months this time. However, as the smoke finally cleared my dry eyes really didn’t get much better. So, what the heck was really going on?
Last year, as I am doing so this year, I was sticking pretty strictly to my diet of rice, bison/beef, and black beans. Although I usually cook one cup (measured dry) of rice per day I almost never consume it all in one day. Most days it is more like a half cup. So, a pretty standard practice for me is to put the remaining rice in a container and put it in the fridge. Then, the next day I’ll take the leftover cold rice, and either freshly cooked or cold leftover meat, and some cold black beans and dump it into a bowl. Then I’ll boil some water and add it to the bowl to make what I call my “soup”.
My wife hates that I call it “soup”. Whenever I call it that, she so lovingly tells me: “That’s not soup, it’s prison food!” Yes, it’s darn plain and boring. Except, I don’t think it’s really that bad either. It sure makes my meal planning and food shopping super simple. It’s also super easy and fast to put together. But, she’s right that it does lack flavor. So, as I also mentioned in last year’s update, I had gotten into the habit of spicing it up by adding some granulated dry onion powder to it. With that addition I think I could legitimately call it a soup. Sometimes my wife would dice up and fry onions and I added that to my soup rather than the onion powder.
Then, I got to thinking about it. If just cutting into an onion can quite quickly and quite strongly irritate the eyes then maybe, just maybe, it’s not such a good idea to be eating onions either. With that thought I completely stopped adding the onions / onion powder and went back to the “prison food” version of my soup. Quite amazingly, within four weeks my night vision completely recovered. Within four months my corresponding dry eyes also fully recovered. I’d rate my current night vision as being excellent.
I think this is an intriguing little sub-experiment in isolating it down to one probable cause. The only deviation / change in my diet last year was the addition of the onions and then following that change my night vision problems developed. Then when I made the one (and really only) change of stopping the consumption of onions the problem quickly resolved. So, yes, unlike viruses, I do think many plants are indeed out to get us. For me at least, onions are one of them. If you are eating onions and are also experiencing dry eyes and night vision problems you might want to try to replicate my findings.
That’s it for now. Overall, my health and well-being is currently very good. I’ll post a more comprehensive health update in August.
The conquest of scurvy and the discovery of vitamin C has been touted as one of the great accomplishments of medical science.
Here’s a dictionary definition:
Scurvy is a disease resulting from a deficiency of vitamin C, which is required for the synthesis of collagen in humans. The chemical name for vitamin C, ascorbic acid, is derived from the Latin name of scurvy, scorbutus, which also provides the adjective scorbutic. Scurvy often presents itself initially as symptoms of malaise and lethargy, followed by formation of spots on the skin, spongy gums, and bleeding from the mucous membranes. Spots are most abundant on the thighs and legs, and a person with the ailment looks pale, feels depressed, and is partially immobilized. As scurvy advances, there can be open, suppurating wounds, loss of teeth, jaundice, fever, neuropathy and death. Scurvy was at one time common among sailors, pirates and others aboard ships at sea longer than perishable fruits and vegetables could be stored and by soldiers similarly deprived of these foods for extended periods.
As defined, and as we’ve all been told and led to believe, scurvy is the result of a vitamin C deficiency. But is there any truth to it? Surprisingly, there’s not much. What you are about to learn is that there is actually incredibly weak evidence linking scurvy to vitamin C deficiency. You’ll learn that there’s very compelling evidence to show that scurvy is caused by a toxicity condition, and not a deficiency condition at all. You’ll soon realize that scurvy has also not been conquered; rather it has just been renamed and rebranded with other more modern disease labels.
To investigate the scurvy story, I read, and I’ll quote from, this book :
LIMEYS – The Conquest of SCURVY by David I. Harvie
David I. Harvie’s book is a good read and a good historical account of the scurvy story during the Age of Sail. His book very much supports the story that scurvy is a vitamin C deficiency disease. However, the last chapter of his book does list some modern day thinkers and other organizations that do refute the vitamin C theory.
Scurvy – the great disease of Sailors
One of the most important pieces of evidence we need to consider is that scurvy was by far most prevalent and common among sailors while aboard ships at sea. Almost all of the historical accounts of outbreaks of scurvy were of crews of various sailing expeditions. Although there are accounts of “land scurvy”, they represent a small fraction of recorded cases of the “outbreaks”.
Therefore, during the Age of Sail, scurvy was almost uniquely confined to inflicting sailors, and especially the crews of the British navy. So much so that the primary organization investigating the cause and treatments of scurvy was the Royal Navy. Since scurvy was widely accepted to be predominately a ship-side disease one of the strongest early theories regarding its cause was that it was the cold damp and stale air of the on-board living conditions. The cold, stale air theory persisted for 50 or more years. The Royal Navy developed better ventilation systems for their ships to try to prevent outbreaks of scurvy. However, the better ventilation systems yielded negligible results in combating the disease.
The second most important piece of evidence that we need to appreciate is that the “outbreaks” of scurvy usually started to occur after only 6 to 8 weeks at sea. Very oddly, the general public, and even sailors while on dry land, weren’t commonly getting the disease.
However, the worst effects of scurvy were seen at sea, and it is a sea disease that it is characterized.
LIMEYS – The Conquest of SCURVY – page 18
James Lind – and the first significant Clinical Study in medicine
What’s regarded as one of the first clinical studies in medicine is that by James Lind in 1747. Lind was investigating a possible treatment for scurvy. Lind was not investigating the causes of scurvy because he presumed he already knew the cause. Therefore, he was only looking for remedies.
As a result of his practical observations with the Channel Fleet, Lind himself was among those that were inclined to believe cold, moist sea air was the most important precondition.
LIMEYS – The Conquest of SCURVY – page 86
If you’ve read my eBooks and blog posts you’ll know that I’m not exactly a fan of clinical studies used in so-called medical research. Nor am I a fan of evidence based medicine (relying on big data sets). I have a lot of reasons for disliking clinical studies. The biggest reason is that by almost exclusively relying on statistical outcomes researchers are often not even attempting to use genuine critical thinking and problem solving skills.
Some other reasons I don’t like clinical studies is that they are so often fraudulent, or conducted so poorly that they are meaningless. Many studies are probably just deliberately misleading to promote the financial interests of their sponsors. Or, stated more concisely; many clinical studies are just rigged pharma industry propaganda.
Regardless of my personal views, the ultimate acid test for the usefulness of clinical studies is looking at the real world results they’ve yielded. With there now being millions of peer reviewed clinical studies published, are we, as a society, any better off health wise than we were 50 years ago? No, we are not. On the contrary, we are only vastly sicker, more diseased in every way imaginable, and are dying sooner.
Lind’s study is rather straightforward, and is documented in its entirety in just a few paragraphs. Lind’s study included 12 men and lasted for just 14 days aboard the ship named Salisbury while at sea.
Lind divided the 12 sick sailors into six pairs, and provided each 2-person arm of the study with a different supplement to their diet. These were: cider, vitriolic elixir (diluted sulfuric acid), vinegar, sea water, two oranges and a lemon, or a purgative mixture. Of course, we sure wouldn’t expect to see much benefit to come from the vitriolic elixir (diluted sulfuric acid), vinegar, sea water or purgative mixture. There was no control group in Lind’s study.
Lind claimed that one of the two men treated with the two oranges and a lemon had recovered and that the other man only somewhat recovered. Of course there was no long-term follow-up to determine if the treatment had only put the men into a temporary remission or not. So, the famous clinical study used to claim that vitamin C is a preventive and cure for scurvy is primarily based on merely one person (maybe two) having seen some temporary relief in their symptoms. What’s conveniently glossed over by modern day medical historians is that the basic diet used by the navy was not completely devoid of vitamin C. Raisins and black currants were a staple aboard ships in this era. Even Lind documents this in his own study write-up.
They lay together in one place, being a proper apartment for the sick in the fore-fold; and had one common diet to all, viz. Water-gruel sweetened with sugar in the morning; fresh mutton-broth often times for dinner; at other times puddings, boiled biscuits with sugar; and for supper, barley and raisins, rice and currants, sago and wine, or the like.
About 1 lb of raisins were allocated per man per week. Additionally, black currants actually contain quite a lot of vitamin C too. With one 80g serving of black currants providing almost 200% of the RDA for vitamin C. The navy diet also often included both potatoes and peas; another source of vitamin C.
There’s also some modern day speculation that Lind didn’t actually conduct this study, but rather that he might have just made it up.
Source: James Lind and Scurvy: The First Clinical Trial in History?
Wouldn’t it be ironically fitting if Lind’s study was indeed fraudulent? It would sure fit right in today with so many other fraudulent or rigged medical studies.
Nonetheless, there’s another major flaw in Lind’s study. Even though he knew that the scurvy was primarily caused by being aboard ships, he’s only looking for some therapeutic treatment to remedy it. In other words, he doesn’t appear to consider that there’s possibly an unknown toxic agent at play (other than cold, damp air) while being on board. So, his upfront bias is only allowing him to consider the disease to be that of a deficiency. Therefore, he adds supplements to the diet, rather than selectively eliminating items from it.
So uncompelling are Lind’s study results, even Lind himself does not really believe in the curative properties of oranges and lemons to prevent scurvy. So much so that he spent the next several decades of his career as a navy surgeon trying to have the air circulation aboard navy ships improved. Likewise, it took the British admiralty about another 100 years to fully adopt lemons and limes as a possible preventative measure against scurvy. But, a lot of other changes were made in the British Navy over those same 100 years too. There is one very important one we’ll discuss a bit later.
Just as importantly, even after the British Navy adopts the provisioning of lemons and limes as a somewhat standard practice, there are expeditions where it completely failed to prevent the outbreak of scurvy. Captain Cook regarded limes and lemons as being useless in combating scurvy.
I entirely agree with you that the dearness of the rob (the juice) of lemon and oranges will hinder them from being furnished in large quantities. But I do not think it is so necessary; for though they may assist in other things, I have no great opinion of them alone. Nor have I have a higher opinion of vinegar.
Captain Cook in a letter in 1776.
That’s correct. Lemons and limes didn’t at all reliably prevent scurvy, nor did it really very often cure scurvy either. The use of lemons and limes yielded very, very inconsistent results. So much so that even after conducting several large scale experiments with supplying them the Royal Navy never concluded that it actually worked. Isn’t that odd, huh? Clearly then, there’s something very wrong with the vitamin C deficiency theory.
There were other remedies attempted to prevent and treat scurvy. Just as there is today, there were charlatans and frauds pushing bogus pills and such.
In the face of two centuries of conflicting evidence and hearsay on remedies for scurvy, it may have been easy, if wholly inexcusable, for the Admiralty to rely on the kind of partisan lobbying that enabled a ‘society doctor’ as Joshua Ward to have his fraudulent pills authorised.
LIMEYS – The Conquest of SCURVY – page 147
Hmm… is this the early genesis of the pharmaceutical industry’s lobbying practice?
But, rather than pills, acidic and alcoholic beverages and fermented foods were the much more commonly attempted treatments.
Charles Bisset was another Edinburgh-trained surgeon who had served in the West Indies. In his treatise of 1755 he blamed salt provisions and heat, and recommended vegetables, wine, rum punch, spirits and in particular rice.
LIMEYS – The Conquest of SCURVY – page 86
Interestingly, one of the most common and standard therapies applied for scurvy was bloodletting.
Humans and Guinea Pigs
Another great claim of medical science is that of all the mammals on the planet, it’s only humans and guinea pigs that can’t endogenously synthesize their own vitamin C.
The claim is that after millions of years of evolution we humans have somehow lost the gene needed for it. We therefore need to get our vitamin C regularly from foods or from supplements. Doesn’t that sound a little suspect to you? I mean seriously, are we supposed to believe that the lowly rat can produce its own vitamin C, yet we humans, the species at the pinnacle of evolution, or of God’s creation, can’t? Maybe, just maybe, the “lost gene” theory is just more bad science? For myself, after about 5 years of virtually no vitamin C in my diet, I had this interesting statement show up on a 2019 lab test.
Odd huh? But, it does appear that I may have developed scurvy induced tumours.
Scurvy as a deficiency disease
Even under the slightest bit of scrutiny the theory of scurvy being a deficiency disease quickly falls apart. Once again, the biggest red flag going up here is that the disease commonly developed after being at sea for only 6 to 8 weeks. That just does not at all fit with the reality of life in Northern Europe in the 15th to 20th centuries. If scurvy were to develop in 6-8 weeks due to a vitamin C deficiency then at least half of the European and Russian populations would have died off each winter. Of course, that did not ever happen. Once again, therefore the vitamin C theory must be just simply wrong.
If we consider more modern day examples of prolonged starvation in large populations there is also a stark lack of scurvy being recorded. As I wrote about in my eBooks both the German and Japanese run POW camps from WWII provide clear evidence. Especially so in the Japanese-run POW camps where their prisoners were generally provided just one cup of white rice per day. There were all kinds of infectious diseases recorded in these camps, and many prisoners were brutally starved to death, yet there is almost no record of scurvy. How’s that possible? According to the vitamin C deficiency theory all of these prisoners should have died in six months or less from scurvy.
Somewhat likewise for the German-run POW camps – there’s little to no mention of scurvy. But, at least in the German-run POW camps potatoes were part of the food provided and would have been a source of some vitamin C. However, assuming the potatoes were boiled, they would have only provided a small fraction of the claimed to be daily requirement of vitamin C.
There are many other examples from around the world we can add to the evidence. Here are just a few that come to mind.
The Maasai of Africa whose traditional food is mostly Blood and Milk from cows. No source of vitamin C, yet, no scurvy.
The Inuit of Northern Canada where they live their entire lives without any source of vitamin C. Yet, no scurvy.
People following the muscle meat only carnivore diet for years. No source of vitamin C, yet, no scurvy.
My own experience. I’ve had virtually no vitamin C in my diet for the last 5 years, yet I have no sign of scurvy. On the contrary, my teeth and gums are now probably the healthiest they’ve been in the last 20 years.
So, what’s really going on here? The answer is the theory of scurvy being a vitamin C deficiency disease is obviously wrong. Okay, if scurvy is not a deficiency disease, then what is it? How about we consider it to be caused by an acute poisoning?
Scurvy as an acute poisoning
One of the major challenges for navies from the 18th through to the 20th centuries was the provisioning of ships with sufficient food stores to last them for potentially multi-year expeditions. It wasn’t so much the massive volume of food that was needed to be provisioned, rather it was trying to preserve and keep it from quickly spoiling while at sea. Canning using pasteurization hadn’t been invented until 1862 and didn’t come into widespread use until the late 1880’s. Steam powered refrigeration wasn’t adopted aboard ships until the early-mid 20th century. Therefore, some of the mainstays of the ship’s provisions were heavily salted beef and pork, oats, beer, very dry biscuits, and something called “portable soup”.
Quite remarkably, Portable Soup was a staple and standard provision for ships in the Royal Navy for almost 200 years. How long was Scurvy most prevalent in the Royal Navy? For about the same 200 years!
In 1757, the British began stocking their ships with a “portable soup.” The “portable soup” consisted of “all the offals of oxen killed in London for use of the Navy” with salt and vegetables added in. The soup, however, was dried so that it had the appearance of slabs of glue. Although the “portable soup” was unappetizing, it was perfect for the navy because it had a shelf life of years. In addition to the supplies stored at the beginning of each voyage, ships often traded for additional supplies in foreign ports and lands. In particular, rice, wince and other hard alcohols were particularly valuable when trading.
What are the “offals” of oxen? Well, they are simply quite awful.
Offal is a pretty broad term which not only includes the internal organs and entrails, but also includes the miscellaneous trimmings of an animal. It essentially includes everything except the muscle and bone.
Portable soup sounds rather disgusting to me. But, it couldn’t have been that bad because this “portable” soup was an absolute staple among British Navy and merchant ships for almost two centuries.
The portable soup may have also been used for dipping and softening the other navy staple food of rock-hard biscuits.
It was served with a pound of ship’s biscuit. Hard, ¼ pound disks of flour, baked 2 or 3 times until all moisture was completely gone. The men would soak these, usually breaking them into their stews, or letting them soak up the juices from their meat ration
To make it ‘portable,’ the soup was made as normal but then reduced using prolonged heating until it was gelatinous and dried. Let’s see here; taking the liver and kidneys with their high retinol and retinyl esters content and boiling it at high heat (enough to drive off the steam) for extended periods of time? What could possibly go wrong with that? How about the production of large amounts of retinoic acid?
Is Scurvy really retinoic acid poisoning?
Once again, one of the important points we really need to appreciate is that sailors usually developed scurvy within just 6 to 8 weeks after being at sea. But, based on worldwide and real world data we know that’s just way too fast for the disease to have developed from a deficiency condition. So, how about considering a stress test case with direct exposure to retinoic acid? Here’s just one such example: From:
Hi I have been on accutane for 2 weeks and have had really sore, red, sometimes bleeding gums for about a week now. Has anyone experienced this while on tane? This is my second course and I haven’t experienced it before, and never heard of it as a side effect so thought I would check if anyone else has had it or if I should go to the dentist to get it checked out! Thanks in advance.
Could the “portable soup” have been made to be any more toxic? Well, yes, it could of and probably was. The portable soup, as well as some other provisioned foods, were packaged in tin cans where the joints were sealed with a lead-based solder. So, we are probably talking about retinoic acid and lead poisoning combined. This theory is supported by the modern findings of lead poisoning in the human remains of the crew of the famous Franklin Expedition (nicely preserved in Canada’s frozen tundra for the last 170 years).
What about “land scurvy” ?
So far I’ve mostly discussed scurvy inflicting sailors while they were at sea. What about cases of land scurvy? There are indeed quite a few cases of scurvy reported for non-sailors. What then would have caused these cases? Well, we need to appreciate that “portable soup” was not exclusively used by the Royal Navy. It was also sold to the general public.
Mrs Elizabeth Dubois had been advertising the sale of her portable soup in the British newspapers since at least November 1746 when they appear to have first been available in this country.
But, of course portable soup couldn’t have resulted in all cases of land scurvy. We do know that eating organ meats was quite a common practice in England during this era too.
Okay, what about in North America? Well, there was another well established, semi-industrial scale, operation that we need to know about during this era. That was the harvesting of cod livers, and cod liver oils. Here’s a sketch and historical account of the practice from the early Canadian archives.
Drawn on the side of a map of America, this is the only existing image of a Newfoundland cod fishing station. From the days of Cabot and perhaps before, fleets of European fishermen sailed to the banks, and they soon discovered that they could stay longer and bring back more fish if they set up shore stations to split, salt and dry the catch. Some of these men may have overwintered. This would have been an early source for Americans to have gotten trade goods from the Europeans.
A View of a Stage & also of ye manner of Fishing for Curing & Drying Cod at NEW FOUND Land.
A. The Habit of the Fishermen (clothing, hooded coat, boots and apron)
B. The Line
C. The Manner of Fishing (casks were slung over the side of the ship and fishermen stood in them)
D. The Dressers of ye Fish
E. The Trough into which they throw ye Cod when Dressed
F. Salt Boxes
G. The Manner of Carrying ye Cod
H. The Cleansing ye Cod
I. A Press to extract ye Oyl from ye Cod Livers
K. Casks to receive ye water & Blood that comes from ye Livers
J. Another Cask to receive the Oyl
K. The manner of Drying ye Cod
Some fishermen collected the oil out of the fish they caught for cooking.
So, it looks like ye Oyl from ye Cod Livers was used for both North Atlantic trade and for local cooking. But, what happened to all ye Cod Livers they harvested?It was often put in barrels and left to ferment in the hot sun, and the resulting fermented mush later used as a spread on toast. Yum, huh?
It looks like the practice of canning and eating cod livers has been going on in Canada for about the last 400 years and continues to be so even today. Of course, this practice was not just limited to the Canadian east coast, it has also been going on in the Norwegian and Scandinavian countries for almost as long. Here’s an example of some current products available.
The Crusades, however, provide an example of one written account of scurvy during the 13th century. During Lent, when soldiers abstained from meat (except eel) and restricted their diets, a scurvy epidemic likely unfolded as “the barber surgeons were forced to cut away the dead flesh from the gums to enable the people to masticate their food.” However, it is noted that the Crusaders believed that the disease was caused by eating eel which supposedly ate the dead.
Well, I don’t know about eel eating the dead, but what I do know is that eel is very oily and is also very high in vitamin A too.
Modern outbreaks of scurvy
Even with the determination of vitamin C as the prevention and cure for scurvy there are still modern day outbreaks of the disease.
In Canada the years 1945-65 were marked by outbreaks of scurvy in bottle-fed infants given evaporated milk (then lacking in vitamin C).
Infantile scurvy emerged in the late 19th century because children were being fed pasteurized cow’s milk,
What do pasteurized cow’s milk and “portable soup” have in common? My bet is that it’s quite likely to be only retinoic acid.
Hooray – Scurvy is conquered and CURED!
Yes, we’ve all been led to believe that scurvy has been conquered and almost fully eradicated. But, is that really true? Well, very likely it’s not. Broadly speaking, scurvy manifested as two major disease conditions:
Swollen, bleeding gums, leading to loose teeth, and the teeth eventually falling out.
Ulcers and blisters on the lower limbs.
However, aren’t these same primary scurvy disease conditions still very common today? Oh yes, they are indeed:
Gingivitis and Gum Disease
Gum disease. A high percentage of older adults have gum disease. About 2 in 3 (68%) adults aged 65 years or older have gum disease.
How about we look at some nice modern day diabetic gum disease?
Common signs and symptoms of diabetic gum disease
Red and swollen gum that bleeds on brushing
Yellowish plaque deposits
Pus exuding from gums, tenderness or swelling in gums
Mobility of teeth
Consistent foul odour from mouth
Next up, here’s an early era drawing of the effects of scurvy on the lower limbs. Clearly there are some distinctly different manifestations of the disease. One of dark brown-black blisters, and then the other of inflamed and necrotic flesh.
But, aren’t these images not almost identical to diabetic ulcers so commonly reported today? Please judge for yourself.
“Diabetic dermopathy (skin spots) is the most common dermatosis associated with diabetes. Similar to necrobiosis lipoidica, it presents with reddish-brown patches on the shins, but they are usually much smaller (0.5 to 1.0 cm) in size and greater in number (five to 10, or more lesions). Skin spots gradually resolve to leave a brown, atrophic scar. They are thought to be caused by vascular disease, but there is no correlation with the extent or duration of diabetes.”
“ Leg rash is a common symptom in diabetes and can be caused by many reasons and can be prevented.”
So, no, “scurvy” has not been conquered. It has just been renamed, rebranded and hidden behind the modern day disease labels of Gingivitis, Gum Disease, and Diabetes.
Now with the massive supplementation with vitamin C in Western society today, why do we still have this massive incidence rate of “scurvy?” Quite clearly, “scurvy”, AKA diabetes, is not a vitamin C deficiency disease. Another way of stating it, “scurvy” is vastly accelerated diabetes. Either way, both “scurvy” and diabetes are the result of a poisoning.
Please have a think about it, and comment as you see fit.
From Wikipedia,: A Roman dodecahedron or Gallo-Roman dodecahedron is a small hollow object made of copper alloy which has been cast into a regular dodecahedral shape: twelve flat pentagonal faces, each face having a circular hole of varying diameter in the middle, the holes connecting to the hollow center. Roman dodecahedra date from the 2nd to 4th centuries AD and range from about 2-4 inches across.
The Roman dodecahedron remains a mystery, and no one really knows what they are.
A couple of years ago when I first learned of these objects I immediately had a pretty good idea as to what they really are. Now, with getting more and more bothered by what’s going on in the world of health related topics, I thought it’s time to take a departure from them here on this blog and discuss something else for once.
There are a number of prevailing theories as to what Roman dodecahedron were used for. One is that they were somehow a range finder device. Another one is that they were used for knitting gloves. But, I don’t think either is correct.
If someone has a really wild imagination, they might think these are 3-D bronze models of corona viruses as theorized by ancient Roman virologists. Although that would correctly put the ancient level of virology science on par with that of current modern-day virologists; no, that’s not it either.
One major clue we have is that some of the dodecahedrons have been found to have a wax residue in their central cavity.
So, what are they? I think they are simply little portable camp stoves used by soldiers while travelling and when stationed at their outposts. The camp stove would have been mostly fueled by a wax candle set up within the hollow core.
The dodecahedrons are actually a bit ingenious too. The shape allows the candle’s flame to be shielded from the wind. The various sized holes would have accommodated different sized candles with different heating capacities. The other holes around the perimeter provide lots of air flow to the burning candle.
The stand-off knobs around the perimeter allow a small pot or cup to be held above the candle’s flame and allow the heat to be more evenly distributed over the bottom surface of the pot. The dodecahedrons can simply be rotated and stood-up on the most appropriate size opening for the cooking task at hand. Say, using a smaller candle for just heating a cup of water and a larger one used for cooking a small meal. So, the dodecahedrons are miniature versions of modern day cooking ranges where we have a number of different and variable sized burners. But, the dodecahedrons are in a nice small portable package that would have been easily carried in a Roman soldier’s pack.
I happen to have a modern day version of a portable camp stove..
Of course, this unit is fueled by propane gas and not a candle.
Anyways, please have a think about it and share your thoughts as to what you think the Roman dodecahedron are.
I’ve now reached the seven-year point on my ultra-low vitamin A diet experiment. My overall health has remained good this year. As like with last year’s update, I’d say I’ve only seen some small incremental improvements this year. I feel that my skin texture in some areas has slightly improved, and that I have noticeably less gray hair on my chest. But I do still have two age spots on my face that seemed to have only faded a bit more in colour this past year. I think these two age spots are ever-so-slowly improving but I have no idea if they will ever fully recover. It could be that the skin has been permanently damaged in these areas.
Thus, as expected, this year I don’t have any big health improvements to report on. However, what’s surprising, even after seven years of following my extremely low vA diet, there is still some progress being made. It’s quite clear to me now that making a full and complete recovery from vA toxicity is a very long and slow process.
I’ve not changed my diet much over the last year. I’m still sticking to what I consider to be my primary “safe” foods. That’s rice, black beans, and beef / bison.
However, as I did last year, for a few months this year I swapped out the rice and replaced it with a simple white bread. The primary reason I made that change was out of the concern of getting too much arsenic from the rice. However, I did not have any lab work, or noticeable health reasons, to support that concern. I did email the rice producer of the brand that I use regularly asking them about the arsenic content of their product. They once again claimed that their products have no arsenic. Of course, I don’t really believe that, and they did not back up their claims with lab reports. Anyhow, after three months of eating the white bread, I decided to change back to mostly using white and brown rice again as a source of carbs. There’s no big reason that I changed back, other than I find the rice slightly easier to digest.
I’m still getting quite a lot of emails from people asking about my personal diet. I don’t think people should try to pattern their own diets based on what I do. I really think people need to find what works best for themselves. Moreover, I want to be clear that I’m not continuing to follow my extreme (and admittedly somewhat crazy) diet for health reasons. I’m sticking to it because I’m trying to prove a scientific point. Therefore, I don’t think other people need, or should try, to mimic my ultra-low vA consumption. Rather, I think that just being on a low vA diet is probably wiser, safer, and more sustainable.
Anyways, for those who are interested, my current diet is composed of:
White / Brown rice – usually white rice for 2-3 days, and then followed by a day with brown rice
Black Beans – organic canned
Beef / Bison – usually ground – about 75% of the time I go with Bison
Salt & occasionally some onion powder
My daily amounts are usually:
Rice ~ ¾ cup (measured dry)
Black Beans ~ 250- 350 ml ~ ¾ of a can
Beef / Bisson ~ 300 – 400 grams
I generally eat two meals per day and don’t snack much. But if I do snack it’s usually toasted white bread with honey.
I very rarely take supplements. However, I did try a thiamine supplement for several months this year. I had no detectable positive or negative response from taking it and have therefore stopped it.
Daily Calorie Consumption
I’ve been tracking my daily food consumption a bit more closely this year using a mobile app (MyNetDiary).
My daily food intake is usually about 1,500 calories. Some days it’s a bit more, some days it’s a bit less. Anyways, that’s probably about ½ of the daily calories that I was consuming before starting my low vA diet. Although 1,500 calories per day appears to be too low for an adult man, I find it perfectly adequate. Actually, I think that 1,500 calories per day is still a bit too much for me now.
As I have for the last 4-5 years, I’ve maintained a steady weight again this year. I’m holding at about 160-163 lbs (73 kgs). However, I do feel that I am still about 5 lbs (2kgs) overweight. For some reason, that last 5 lbs is just very stubborn and wants to hang around. But I’m not concerned enough about it to try harder to lose it either.
Some people might assume that the reduced need for calories is due to my older age. However, I don’t think so. That’s because I know a young man who’s also been on a low vitamin A diet for the last two years and he’s reported a very similar finding. His daily calorie intake is about 1/3 to ½ of what it was before he started with the diet.
I think the explanation for needing fewer calories can be at least partially explained by:
Overall metabolism is just running more efficiently.
A reduced rate of cellular turnover.
A significant reduction in background inflammation. I’ve read that about 25% of our daily calories is used just to fuel our immune system. Now with a low vA status, and my body no longer constantly auto-immuning in a futile struggle to fight off a phantom pathogen I need 20% or so fewer daily calories.
Whatever the mechanism is, I think this reduced need for daily calories is quite intriguing.
I get a weekly summary report from my food diary tracking app. Here are some noteworthy warnings I get each week.
Your average daily 115 mg of calcium does not reach 1000 mg recommended for you. Rich sources include dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese), calcium-fortified soy milk and orange juice, sardines and salmon with bones. The calcium in dark green leafy vegetables is less bioavailable since it binds with plant acids.
Your average daily 4 IU of vitamin A does not reach 3000 IU recommended for you. Animal sources: liver, milk, cheese, and eggs. Plant sources (in the form of beta-carotene): orange colored fruits and vegetables (carrots, sweet potatoes, apricots, cantaloupe, and pumpkin) and dark green leafy vegetables (e.g. spinach and kale).
Your average daily 0 mg of vitamin C does not reach 90 mg recommended for you. Rich sources: most fruits and vegetables, but especially citrus, strawberries, cantaloupe, spinach, broccoli, and peppers.
Your average daily 115 mg of calcium does not reach 1000 mg recommended for you.
It looks like my daily calcium intake is about 1/10th of the RDA. I knew that I was low on calcium intake, but not that low. I just assumed that the beans and water I consume would somehow provide enough calcium.
But seeing this warning show up in the weekly report I was getting a bit concerned about what the long-term impact of following my diet for the last 7 years has had on my bones. Thus, I recently had a bone density scan (DEXA) performed. The scan results were surprisingly very good. My bone density is perfectly normal for my age, and I was told that I have absolutely nothing to worry about. I think this is another big win for a low vA diet. Apparently, that recommended 1000 mg / day is not needed if vA is not silently picking away at our bones. And, we probably don’t want a bunch of needless extra calcium in our diet that might otherwise contribute to clogging our arteries etc.
Although seeing that my current bone density was normal for my age was reassuring, I’m not exactly thrilled with that result either. I don’t feel that having just normal bone density for my age is ideal. I’d rather it be better than normal. Unfortunately, I have no reference data as to where I started from regarding bone density. I don’t know if it’s gotten better or if it’s gotten worse in the last 7 years. So, to be on the safe side I’ll probably start adding some mineral water to my diet this coming year. I’ll re-test my bone density again in 5 years.
Vitamin A warning:
Your average daily4 IU of vitamin A does not reach 3000 IU.
I’m not sure if that 4 IU the app is reporting is calculated as being sourced from the beans or from the beef / bison. Naturally, I wish it was closer to 0 IU /day, but I’m still okay with it. Oh, I know there will be a few naysayers who’ll claim that it’s those 4 IU that’s keeping me from going blind and not having all of my epithelial / endothelial tissues and their corresponding organs disintegrate. But that’s one of the reasons I make regular blood donations. I think the blood donations easily offset the trivial 4 IU I still might get from food.
Vitamin C warning:
Your average daily 0 mg of vitamin C does not reach 90 mg recommended for you.
I knew that my vitamin C intake was very low, but kind of like with calcium, I was assuming it would somehow be OK. Based on the early toxicity studies that I had read I was also pretty sure that scurvy was misdiagnosed vA toxicity. But there’s no question that 0 mg of vitamin C/day is awfully low.
Still, I’m not concerned enough about it, and I don’t plan to supplement with vitamin C.
Anyways, after ~5 years with a very low vitamin C intake I have no sign of scurvy. It’s the opposite. My teeth and gums are feeling really strong and solid; like never better. I think this is another win for a low vA diet. However, I do still think vitamin C is probably important in the early stages of taking on a low vA diet.
Here’s an interesting little ditty to consider:
A series of studies using guinea pigs with chronic latent vitamin C deficiency has provided clear evidence that bile acid synthesis is reduced in this condition.
Turley SD, West CE, Horton BJ. The role of ascorbic acid in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and in thepathogenesis of artherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis. 1976 Jul-Aug;24(1-2):1-18. doi: 10.1016/0021-9150(76)90060-5. PMID: 942515.
Could it be that without adequate vitamin C we have a much harder time in clearing vitamin A via bile? I don’t know, but maybe that’s the real mechanism of action of how vitamin C appears to be able to prevent scurvy?
Sleep quality and Dreaming
One of the health changes that I had reported on in my first eBook was the return of dreaming at night. I was just trying to be complete and reported on it thinking it was probably just a weird personal little quirk. I now think this is an important finding as a number of other people are reporting the same effect. And thus, it’s not just a personal quirk.
I’ve attributed the return of nighttime dreaming to a likely drop in cortisol levels (but I have no personal lab tests to back up that theory). Regardless, for the last 5-6 years of my low vA diet I was getting a pretty good sleep. However, what’s surprised me is that it has kind of kicked into high gear this last year. The intensity and vividness of my dreams is often rather amazing.
Also, now when I go to bed I almost always fall asleep within just a few minutes of putting my head down on the pillow. I can also nap almost on demand, being tired or not, and almost at any time of the day. I’m kind of like a cat or dog in this regard where it appears these animals can nap anytime they want during the day.
The bigger change that I’ve noticed is that I now begin to dream in what seems to be only minutes after going to sleep. It also appears that I dream almost all night long. The same thing happens if I take even a one-hour long nap. I nearly immediately start dreaming. It’s quite remarkable. But like with so many other things on this diet, the intensity of the dreaming changes from month-to-month. Nevertheless, compared to where I started from seven years ago, my sleep quality has vastly improved. How can that not be a good thing? Clearly, vitamin A toxicity can profoundly and negatively affect our cognitive wellbeing.
I feel that my cardiovascular health is about the same as it was last year. The numbers are:
Historical the numbers looks like this:
My resting blood pressure is usually around 110/60 and my resting heart rate is about 50-55 BPM. My HbA1C has remained at 5.1% this year.
I was planning on getting more lab work done this year for this 7-year update report. I would have liked to have had a liver enzyme panel and a cortisol level test done. However, these are not discretionary labs that my GP would authorize. Last year I used an on-line lab service called LetsGetChecked.com. I was quite impressed with their service last year and was planning on using them again this year for these additional labs. Unfortunately, they have stopped providing their services in Canada.
Vision and Eye Health
I had another comprehensive eye exam performed a few weeks ago. The results were that my eye health and vision remain excellent. There’s no sign of any eye disease. There’s no glaucoma, no retinopathy, no cataract, no macular degeneration, etc. The pressure in the eye is again a low normal (no inflammation). My vision is also very good. It’s not quite perfect-perfect, but I still don’t need reading nor driving glasses. At the end of the exam, the eye doc said: “Whatever it is that you’re doing with your lifestyle and diet, keep doing it because your eyes are in great shape”. Naturally, I did not mention my low vA diet.
However, like what happened a few years ago, I did go through another period of poor night vision for several months this year.
I continue to make regular blood donations. I was having some quirky issues with the plasma donations (my blood was sometimes clogging up the machine), so I’ve gone back to just making regular whole blood donations.
Exercise and Fitness
I’ve been far less physically active this year than compared to last. The primary reason is my new work-from-home lifestyle does not require me to make the daily bike commute. The other reason is that all our gyms and other fitness facilities have been shut down for most of the year.
As with last year’s update, the takeaway from this year’s is that it’s clearly more evidence that so-called “vitamin A” is not a vitamin at all. I mean seriously, after seven years of having virtually no vA in my diet, and having no adverse effects, and my health has only gotten vastly better, how can anyone still legitimately claim it to be a “vitamin” needed by humans? I firmly believe that vitamin A is nothing more than a toxin and we are therefore hugely better off without it. I’ll continue with my ultra-low vA diet for at least the next three years.
Other thoughts – the current viral issue
I’ve spent a lot of time this year learning about so-called viruses. I say so-called, because I quickly concluded that they are not even really “viruses” at all. At least not in the sense of the accepted definition of that term. I see the science of virology as being as dodgy and on par with that of so-called vitamin A science. Vitamin A is not a “vitamin” and “viruses” are not really viruses. I’ll try to write more about this topic in the new year.
I’ve been a bit quiet for the last six months. But, I’ve not at all lost interest in the vitamin A research topic. It’s just that, like with millions of other families, we’ve been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 crisis. Fortunately though, no one in my family, nor myself, have been sick from COVID.
Redoing the 1925 Wolback and Howe study
In last year’s community survey, and in forum posts, I inquired about and wrote about interest in redoing the 1925 Wolback and Howe study. Towards that goal I had submitted a proposal to have this study replicated at an American University. However, due to the outbreak of the COVID pandemic, that proposal was cancelled.
This does not mean that we won’t be redoing this study at all. Rather, it just needs to be put on hold until after things get back to normal. I’m still very interested in having this study replicated. If you want to help me to get it re-organized please contact me directly.
Detox setback / diet failures / diet successes
The detox setback cycle is still being encountered by too many people. It’s often not short term and is causing people to abandon their low vA diets. In the past we’ve had several theories as to why people are encountering the setback cycle. We’ve suspected a vitamin B deficiency due to increased demands of higher carbs etc. on the B vitamins. We’ve suspected the lack of zinc and other resources needed to sustain the increased requirement for ADH and ALDH enzymes. We’ve suspected that a possible increase in protein intake is causing a surge of stored retinyl esters being released from the liver into bile, and with that the addition vA is being reabsorbed into circulation.
Probably all of the above suspected mechanisms are at play to some degree. Of course, it’s going to vary by individual. Whatever the reasons and mechanisms are, we’ve still not pinned it down enough to where people can reliably avoid getting into this detox state. I see this as a very serious problem, and one that we need to solve. But, it’s way beyond my capabilities to come up with a solution. We probably need some dedicated research on it.
Of course there’s a lot of good news with the low vA diet too. We are still seeing success stories. I hope there are many more successes as more people get into year 3+ with their low vA diets.
Over the last six months I’ve been looking more into how and why vA toxicity is likely causing both Type I and Type II diabetes. There’s actually a lot of research back over the last 30 years that supports this theory. So, diabetes will likely be my primary topic of interest next year. I’ve gotten a private email (not shared on my forum) from a parent about their child who has reversed Type I diabetes using a low vA diet. Although it is just one case, I see it as being really important. Firstly, it’s so important to know that the disease can be reversed, and is not always life-long. Secondly, if reversing the disease has happened once, it can most certainly happen again.
My personal health remains good. I’d say that I’m still seeing small improvements; such as the last few spots of dry/ damaged skin are improving. In August I’ll post a more comprehensive health assessment with my 7 year update.
I’ve also put up a video sharing my thoughts on the survey results.
For the following questions the instructions were:
For each of the following conditions, please state on a scale of 1 to 10 how severe this condition was BEFORE starting the diet, where 1 is “a minor annoyance,” 5 is “interferes with normal functioning”, and 10 is “severely debilitating.” Then mark how severe this condition is NOW using the same scale.
Therefore, seeing the bars in the charts shift over to the left hand side indicates that the condition is improving or becoming less severe.
I’ve now crossed the six-year mark on my vitamin A elimination diet. That’s a big milestone. I also turned 60 a few months ago. That’s also a big milestone. Except, it’s one that I’d rather not acknowledge as it now places me into the senior citizen category. However, I’ve not entered curmudgeondom just yet.
Like with last year’s update, my health has only slightly improved over this year. However, the accumulation of the annual small improvements is adding up. Subjectively, I’d say that my health is now the best it’s been in the last 10 years. So, as I am getting older I’m getting healthier. I think that’s a pretty neat trick, and especially so when you consider my diet of mostly just three basic foods.
So now, after six years of having virtually no vitamin A in my diet, and for the last three years being officially in a severe deficiency state, I have absolutely no signs of vitamin A deficiency. How can that be possible?
Oh, I know that there are people who’ll claim that it’s the trace amount of vitamin A I get from eating beef that has me still clingy to life. Except, that’s one of the reasons I mostly consume bison. It’s much lower in fat than beef. I buy my bison directly from a rancher here in Southern Alberta. Bison is also not sent to feedlots for finishing, unlike beef where the animals are fed grain and corn. The USDA database reports bison’s vitamin A concentration to be 0 IU / 100g.
Additionally, for the last two years I’ve been making regular blood donations.
I even recently doubled down on it by making plasma donations. Those donations should offset any tiny amount of vitamin A I might get from my food. So, what’s keeping my skin, teeth, bones, and eyes healthy? According to the vitamin A deficiency theory all these tissues should have developed metaplasia or even disintegrated or have become infected by now. But, most importantly, if vitamin A deficiency were a real thing, then I should see at least some early indication of it after six years of virtually no vitamin A in my diet. However, it’s completely the opposite. I have absolutely no sign of it, and I’m just getting healthier.
I had a complete eye exam done a few weeks ago. The results are that my eyes are in excellent health. There’s no sign, like none at all, of any eye disease; no glaucoma, no macular degeneration, no retinopathy. The pressure in the eye is at a low-normal (a good thing). Additionally, I now have no sign of cataracts. My vision is very good. It’s not quite perfect, but it’s still very good for a 60 year-old. The eye doc said that he could give me a prescription for reading glasses, except it would be so mild that there’s not much point in it. If it’s interesting to anyone, I’ve included a link here to the retinal scanning report he provided me. I think this result is very significant because the de facto disease defining conditions of vitamin A deficiency are poor night vision and progressive xerophthalmia. Yet, I have no sign of ANY eye disease, and my day and night vision is very-good to excellent too. Again, how is that possible?
I don’t know about you, but the science that I was taught is that if even a single experiment fails to support a theory, then the theory is wrong. So, it’s time to call it. The theory that so-called vitamin A is an essential “vitamin” needed for eye health, vision, cell differentiation, etc. is simply dead wrong!. Whether you like it or not, it is just a fact. It’s game over for so-called “vitamin” A. Of course, I do know that it will probably take another 5 – 10 years for that to become widely accepted.
I recently had my bi-annual dental checkup. As like for the past three years, everything was fine. No decay, no cavities, the x-rays showed good density in my teeth, and my previous gum recession has nearly completely resolved. After examining my teeth my dentist actually said to me “your teeth look fantastic.” That is the very last thing I ever expected to hear from my dentist regarding my teeth. Although my teeth do feel stronger, smoother and cleaner, I don’t think they look “fantastic”, but hey, I’ll take whatever compliment I can get about them.
This dental result is very important too because one other major sign of so-called vitamin A deficiency is the secession of enamel formation and the development of bleeding gums. Yet, after six years of nearly zero vitamin A intake, my teeth now are in the best shape that they’ve been in in a decade or more. So, what’s all the vitamin A consumption in North America really doing for people’s teeth? It’s clearly not helping. Check this out: CDC: Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease
My sleep has remained to be very good, and is always restful. I have no problem falling to sleep quickly. And, as I wrote about before, I continue to dream every night and often experience some rather intense dreaming. So, there’s definitely been some sleep benefit of my low vitamin A diet. I suspect the deeper sleep is mostly due to a drop in cortisol levels.
My weight has remained remarkably steady over the last 4 to 5 years, Most people would probably agree that losing weight is not the difficult part, rather it’s the keeping it off for the long term that’s really difficult. But, for me at least, keeping that weight off has been easy-peasy, like no problem at all.
My physical fitness has remained about the same as it was last year. But, I feel my muscle strength has gotten a bit better. I can now bench-press 225 lbs. Although that’s not particularly exceptional, it’s still not too shabby for a 160 lb senior citizen. My cycling endurance is still good, with long hill climbs being my measurement. I’m telling ya, it’s the rice.
I feel that my cognitive health and mental well-being continues to be very good. My learning ability and memory recall are good, I’m consistently quite calm, relaxed and almost nothing gets me stressed out. Even the occasional hate mail I get, with the childish name calling, doesn’t bother me one bit.
It’s been known for over a decade now that retinoic acid accumulates in the brain, as well in other tissues. It has also been known for decades now too that retinoic acid causes depression, anxiety, significant drops in IQ, and there are hundreds of suicides officially attributed to accutane use, etc. Therefore, it should be of no surprise that reducing the amount of RA nicely accumulating in our brains is going to result in our improved cognitive functioning. I mean, who would have thought it possible?
Updated labs for Cholesterol etc.
My GP would not authorize a requisition for getting updated labs done this year. Last year’s CRP level was <0.3, which is below the detection limit of the test. My HbA1C was 5.1, and my LDL was 1.04 mmol/L and he said that these values are exceptional for a 60 year old. So, his position was that since my current health is excellent, and combined with last year’s lab results, he could not justify the expenditure to our health system.
I really don’t want to personally spend the extra money on getting labs done privately, but am open to doing so if someone wants to help cover the cost.
Blood Glucose levels
I’ve tracked my blood glucose levels for a while now. It seems to hover around the 5.2 mmol/L (94 mg/dl) mark.
That’s a bit surprising considering that I’ve been eating rice three meals a day for the last six years. Maybe rice isn’t so bad for our blood glucose levels after all?
Better tolerance of Hot and Cold weather
One other odd observation I’ve made is that I now seem to be much more tolerant of hot and cold weather. Somehow, my skin and body temperature just adjusts very quickly to the outside temperature. I also almost never sweat in hot sunny conditions. Could this be because I have a lot less of a highly light absorbing molecule in my skin?
Faster wound healing
I’ve noticed that small cuts and bruises heal very fast now. How can that not be a good thing?
In summary, my health remains to be very good. I’ve not been afflicted by the horrible consequences of vitamin A deficiency. I know that I never will – because it does not exist.
But, what we do know, and we know it with certainty, is that vitamin A is a very toxic molecule. We know that the “active form” of vitamin A, retinoic acid, is an extremely toxic molecule. So much so that even back in 1987 the HHS termed it a direct “POISON.” Except, we should all now realize that it is not a vitamin, at all. What is it really? It’s the toxin that has poisoned a large percentage of the human population. It’s also very likely responsible for most of the mysterious chronic diseases slowly killing so many of us, and destroying the lives of our children.
Consider this nice progress report from the CDC on chronic disease:
6 IN 10 Adults in the US have a chronic disease 4 IN 10Adults in the US have two or more THE LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH AND DISABILITY and Leading Drivers of the Nation’s $3.5 Trillion in Annual Health Care Costs
Results: An estimated 43% of US children (32 million) currently have at least 1 of 20 chronic health conditions assessed, increasing to 54.1% when overweight, obesity, or being at risk for developmental delays are included; 19.2% (14.2 million) have conditions resulting in a special health care need, a 1.6 point increase since 2003.
We must do everything we can to turn this situation around.
What’s next for me?
I’ll continue with my diet for at least the next 4 or 5 years. I seriously doubt that I’ll ever again in my life consume any food that has more than negligible amounts of vitamin A or the carotenoids. But, my biggest motivation for sticking to this diet is not for health reasons, rather it’s to prove the scientific point.
I’ll also continue making the plasma donations for at least the next year. Of course, I don’t have some deep hatred for vitamin A. It would be silly to harbor hatred towards inanimate molecules. But, I will do whatever I can to keep expelling every last bit of this vile, poisonous, disgusting, reprehensible and scheming little yellow serial killer from my body.
In October I’ll put up another survey to gauge how people are doing with this experiment. Last year’s survey was put together rather hastily. That’s because that survey was kind of an emergency response trying to uncover why so many people were encountering the detox setback. Therefore, I’d like to do a much better job on his year’s survey. If you have any ideas or questions that you think are important to include in the survey, please let me know, or add a comment on the forum here.
“And, like with Wolbach and Howe back in 1925 these researchers are so sure of themselves that they completely ignore the contradictory findings from their contemporaries.”
I’ve been asked to provide supporting information to back up that statement. I’ll share that here in just a bit.
First, you might be wondering why we should care at all about some rat study from almost 100 years ago. However, I think it’s tremendously important. The 1925 Wolbach and Howe study was the one that supposedly definitively proved the essential need for vitamin A, and therefore, the one that solidified and confirmed the concept of it being a vitamin. If they got that wrong, and if we can therefore disqualify that study, then it should go a long way in disproving the entire “it’s a vitamin” claim.
I’m assuming that for most people knowing whether or not vitamin A is truly a vitamin does not matter too much. Vitamin or not, that verdict probably won’t change what they are doing. From a practical perspective, and in the short term, we just need to know that vitamin A is toxic once we’ve accumulated too much of it. We can apply that knowledge and hopefully still recover our health.
However, if we don’t go the extra mile and disprove this “it’s a vitamin” claim then the powers that be will just go on perpetually poisoning much of the human population with it. It will also continue to be very difficult to warn more people about the potential harms of over consuming vitamin A.
Okay, now let’s get back to the 1925 Wolbach and Howe study. One of the most fundamental requirements in scientific experiments is repeatability of results. If results are not repeatable (within some explainable margin of error), then the experiment proves nothing.
Here are some of the statements from the Wolbach and Howe study’s introduction effectively ignoring / dismissing the results of experiments from their contemporaries
Few pathological studies have been made, and the majority of these have resulted in wholly negative results and, therefore, erroneous conclusions as to the sequence of events and importance of infections.
Emmett and Alien in a comparison of changes due to vitamin A and B deficiency respectively in the rat report “no special outstanding pathological findings,” in the absence of fat-soluble A, in contrast to atrophies and hypertrophies found in B deficiency.
Stephenson and Clark failed to find a distinctive pathology in keratomalacia in rats.
Davis and Outhouse 4 studied only the kidneys, spleen, heart, lungs, pancreas, liver, and testes. As they report that the testes were normal in most of their cases, it is certain that either their diet was not deficient in fat-soluble (vitamin) A or that the duration of the experiments was too short.
Cramer, Drew, and Mottram ~ in a study of the effects of vitamin deficiency in rats upon the function of lymphocytes and lymphoid tissue found no pathology in fat-soluble A deficiency.
Wason found no lesions in any organ other than the eyes. She regarded the changes in the cornea as secondary to bacterial invasion.
Meyerstein ~ failed to find any characteristic pathology in either vitamin A or vitamin B deficiency in rats.
There’s yet another study from this era that I want to directly compare with Wolbach and Howe’s (W&H) study. It is:
THE NECESSITY OF CERTAIN LIPINS IN THE DIET DURING GROWTH.BY E. V. McCOLLUM AND MARGUERITE DAVIS.(From the Laboratory of Agricultural Chemistry of the University of Wisconsin.)(Received for publication, June 1, 1913.)
The reason I want to discuss this study is because they detail the diet used, and the outcomes. The diet used in this study was remarkably similar to the W & H study. However, McCollum’s 1913 study was only investigating the “growth” producing effects of some suspected fat soluble factor.
Here’s an example diet McCollum that fed his animals.
Here’s a chart for Rat # 104a (female)
Do you notice something? Up until period III, McCollum’s study diet is nearly identical to the one used by W&H. McCollum’s study diet is supposedly devoid of vitamin A too, yet his animals survive quite well to the 20 week mark, and beyond. Whereas, in the W&H study all of the animals were either dead or dying by the 8th-10th week. In the last two weeks of the W&H study the animals needed to be force fed their ration, and that finished them off. Except, here in McCollum’s study, not only have the animals survived at least 2X longer, there is no mention of sickness or disease, at all. In other words, his animals were probably very healthy, and obviously reproductive, at the 20 week mark. McCollum’s study presents similar results for male rats.
Then to investigate growth, in period III he adds in an egg extract, and the animals do gain weight. However, let’s not jump to the conclusion that it’s a good thing. What would you tell someone today who claims that gaining weight is the medical equivalent to growth? I think you’d tell them that they are confused. But, that’s a small technicality we are not too interested in right now (unless we wanted to consider this an inadvertent obesity causation study).
What’s critically important is that apparently the same diet regimen used by McCollum’s and W&H’s studies yielded completely opposite results. How can we explain that? When combined with the other studies mentioned above from this era , it is very clear that the animals in the W&H study did NOT succumb to a vitamin A deficiency. Therefore, with the diametrically opposing results between the McCollum’s and W&H’s studies, we have no experimental repeatability. Thus, we can’t legitimately derive any scientific conclusion from them. Therefore, the claim that vitamin A is a vitamin is completely unsupported, and is quite bogus.
However, there’s a subtle but very important difference in the diets used by McCollum and W&H. In W&H’s paper they state:
Distilled water, sufficient to make a dough, was added to the ingredients; small cakes were moulded, each containing five gm. of material, and dried in an oven.
For additional information about heat treating milk, and its correlation to early death in experimental animals please read about Wilhelm Stepp’s 1912 work in mice. Stepp kills his mice in just 3 weeks using heat treated milk. And, it looked to me that Stepp’s results (kill rate) correlated with the heating duration times in alcohol. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/127/7/1255/4728852
Additionally, there is an even more fundamental problem with the McCollum and W&H studies. That problem is now revealed by the modern-day work of Collin Campbell et al with their work on the direct toxicity of casein on its own.
Therefore, with that huge red flag and confounding factor no rat study in history that’s used casein can be considered legitimate and valid. Clearly then, Wolbach and Howe’s 1925 study is complete junk science. Moreover, we have the previously ignored studies from Wolbach and Howe’s contemporaries actually proving that there is no dependency on vitamin A.
The W&H study is the foundational cornerstone of the grand vitamin A theory. Their conclusions were wrong, and they made the assumption that they had narrowed it down to this one molecule. Quite remarkably they made this assumption in 1925 even though the structure of the molecule had not been determined until 1931. Sadly, every vitamin A study since W&H’s has been layered upon that flawed foundational assumption. Very few follow-on researchers have had the courage to stick their heads above the parapet and call this out for what it is. But, there have been a few. Here’s a prophetic quote from Pitt:
… people seem curiously reluctant to recognize just how toxic is vitamin A. I have long asserted that considered as a chronic poison vitamin A is probably more harmful than cyanide, but I have usually been disbelieved …
I think that if modern day researchers stopped fabricating ridiculous follow-on theories and sub-theories to rationalize what they are seeing, and reevaluated their finding through the lens of vitamin A being a toxin, and nothing but a toxin, then all of it will make so much more sense.
The W&H study is garbage science, and needs to be tossed into the trash can. With that, so does the entire bogus claim of this toxic molecule being an “essential” vitamin.
Of course, vitamin or not, there’s no debate about the potential toxicity of so-called vitamin A. But, if we can finally correct the science on it then we might have a chance in stopping the global supplementation nonsense going on. Let’s consider this report:
WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Report: WHO technical consultation on vitamin A in newborn health: mechanistic studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1–3 December 2009. 1.Vitamin A – administration and dosage. 2.Vitamin A deficiency – prevention and control. 3.Infant, Newborn. 4.Infant nutrition. I.World Health Organization. ISBN 978 92 4 150316 7
High doses of retinyl ester are commonly provided to at-risk populations in areas where vitamin A deficiency is a problem. For women, 400 000 IU given as two doses of 200 000 IU at least 1 day apart and within 6 weeks postpartum are being recommended. Vitamin A supplementation programmes have been highly successful in addressing vitamin A deficiency but are not without risk. The doses administered are at toxic levels (200 000 IU retinyl ester is 85 times the recommended daily allowance (RDA) and 400 000 IU retinyl ester is 172 times the RDA). Acute toxicity may occur at dosages >100 times the adult RDA.
Do they warn these women and get their signed informed consent for the likely harm from that toxic dose? I highly, highly doubt it. Of course, they’ll claim that this deliberate poisoning of young women with known acute toxic doses is somehow necessary, ostensibly claiming that it’s to prevent vA deficiency.
But, what’s really going on here? Clearly, it might not be just bad science and there’s another possibility to consider. In the 1970’s the WHO and the global elites were absolutely obsessed with the runaway growth in the human population. It was viewed as the biggest threat to the planet. Then factor in that it’s been known since the 1960s that vitamin A is a reproductive toxin.
Check out the last entry in this table of lethal doses of some common substances:
Then in the 1970s the WHO’s vitamin A supplementation programmes were started up in about 100 countries, and vitamin A was added to the low fat dairy, etc., in North America and to sugar in South America, etc. Then, surprise, surprise, there’s been a massive drop in human fertility around the planet. And, by the early 2000s the WHO had gone mostly quiet about the risk about the global population. The WHO’s primary focus has now shifted to vaccines. Do you trust these guys? I hope not.
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